Thursday, November 25, 2004

Teach Grammar Through Texts

What are advantages and problems of using certain type of texts to teach grammar? Analyze and evaluate at least three text-based presentation to discuss the issue.

35 comments:

Johnsonchu said...

Through stories to teach grammar is a good way to get students' attention in a class, but how to select an attractive and suitable story for students will be a challenge for teachers. Through dialogues to teach grammar is a practical way of teaching. Using the practical sentences to teach students and let them through the daily conversation to familiar with the grammar that will be an efficient way. Then, through pictures to teach grammar. I believe that beautiful pictures will be the most useful tools for teaching children languages, especially for teaching vocabulary. But for teaching grammar or for teaching those abstract items, the teacher will be hard to draw the pictures,Such as temperament, knowledge,virtue and information...etc.

SanLee said...

I:story
advantage: The teacher and students have interaction very well.
The teacher uses question information to teach simple
grammar. Then, teacher use repetition and
substitution is good for students to remember easily.
disadvantage: The teacher can teach more colors and animals to
make story more clear. But students only memorize
colors or animals without listening to the
original story in detail.
II:song
advantage: The teacher shows pictures and vocabulary first to
let students understand the lyrics.
disadvantage: The teacher only teach one time then students
can't really learn or familiar with the song very
well.
III:dialogue
advantage: The teacher uses very short conversation in the very
beginning. It's very clear to let students know the
topic. Then, teacher use repetition and question form
to let students also have the same interaction. It
is a good way to practice with sentences.

GwenLin said...

G1: Story
The teacher uses colorful pictures to make students pay attention and impresses students very much. It's because not all the sentences can be memorized in a very short time, but pictures may attract students and make them know where the teacher taught. However, it’s not the real method by story teaching. For story teaching, we need a complete story to tell students, and lead them into fantastic atmosphere. If we only use pictures to tell students without whole sentences, it can be another method for teaching which named picture teaching.

G3: Song
In the words, the teacher teaches language with songs can be the very useful and direct way. Students can follow the melodies and sing with rhythm. Then students can immediately know the way they learn from teacher, but only few times may not be enough, especially for the children before their teenage. Hence, it’s very usual for students learn language with joy and merry by songs.

G7: Picture
The teacher shows students some pictures to make them know how they can use these things very practical. For example, the teacher uses food and toys to attract students. That’s the very importance to develop interests from students, so that the process in learning for students will be easier.

Sherry Chang said...

I think Group 1 used the clear pictures to teach student what they are looking. They repeated the sentence’ pattern again and again, so student can easy to remember the sentences pattern. They used many pictures but there are few sentences about their story of teaching presentation. So students can only remember the pictures but not sentences.

In Group 5, they used dialogue to teach student and repeated sentences again and again. Students also can remember the grammar pattern easily. I think this is the advantage for the dialogue teaching, but I think it has to spend more time let students get the rules.

Group7 used a lot of pictures to teach grammar. I think it’s a very good way for students to remember the vocabulary, but they have to put “a” before each fruit or animals. Otherwise, students will be confused. I think each method of teaching has advantages and disadvantages, but each method has its own traits of teaching.

Serena said...

Group1:
The teacher used colorful pictures to draw the students' attention and repeated words to make them remember the short sentences.
Group3:
We used 2 songs to teach grammar. First, we shew the pictures of the objects and introduced it. After repeating the lyric, the teacher guided students to sing the songs. The repeatition helps students make language memorable and familiar.
Group5:
The teacher asked and answered some questions to make students understand the usage of the grammar. Through students' practice, they can get more clearly ideas.
Group7:
The teacher also used the pictures of some objects to make students understand more clearly. The students could understand it and practice complete sentences through answering the questions that the teacher asked.

SanLee said...

G1
Advantage: The teacher and students have interaction very well. The teacher uses question information to teach simple grammar. Then, teacher use repetition and substitution is good for students to remember easily.
Disadvantage: The teacher can teach more colors and animals to make story more clear. But students only memorize colors or animals without listening to the original story in detail.
G3
Advantage: The teacher shows pictures and vocabulary first to let students understand the lyrics.
Disadvantage: The teacher only teach one time then students can't really learn or familiar with the song very well.
G7
Advantage: The teacher uses very short conversation in the very beginning. It's very clear to let students know the topic. Then, teacher use repetition and question form to let students also have the same interaction. It is a good way to practice with sentences.

SanLee said...

G1
Advantage: The teacher and students have interaction very well. The teacher uses question information to teach simple grammar. Then, teacher use repetition and substitution is good for students to remember easily.
Disadvantage: The teacher can teach more colors and animals to make story more clear. But students only memorize colors or animals without listening to the original story in detail.
G3
Advantage: The teacher shows pictures and vocabulary first to let students understand the lyrics.
Disadvantage: The teacher only teach one time then students can't really learn or familiar with the song very well.
G7
Advantage: The teacher uses very short conversation in the very beginning. It's very clear to let students know the topic. Then, teacher use repetition and question form to let students also have the same interaction. It is a good way to practice with sentences.

julianne said...

For the presentation of Group 1, we can see they use a book with big and colorful pictures to teach students how to identify the animal's color, and make use of some simple and basic sentences with clear pictures to let them easily understand what these pictures mean by in the book.

For the presentation of Group 5, they show a dialogue and want students to learn some basic and practical sentences from this dialogue, and these basic sentences can be also applied to the daily life. The teacher constantly repeats the sentences and students would easily remember and think how to say that; besides, students would quickly come into the condition of the teaching.

For the presentation of Group 7, they put many pictures of various food and fruit on the blackboard. The teacher teaches students how to identify the names of the pictures, and ask them some questions for forcing them to think and answer the questions. I consider that it is a good way of teaching, but students easily feel confused and nervous that they don't know how to make the sentences, for the teacher doesn't put the basic sentences which are used to teach students on the blackboard.

julianne said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
jamielan said...

Group one story
Pictures can get the attention of the children, and story is interesting for children. From the picture book, the students can see colors and images. Through repeation of some sentences, the students can practice the pattern for many times.
Group three music
Through the music, the students can get familiar with the context easily. They teach the students the vocabulary first and show the lyrics to the students. So, the students can follow the music and sing the song easily.
Group five dialogue
Through the repeation fo the dialogue the students can get the idea of what the teacher try to make and say. And they can add their own background in to the sentences.
Group seven picture
Pictures can attract the students, and students can understand what is the meaning of the new vocabulary.
The students can choice the picture which indicate a vocabulary, put it into the sentences, and do the practice.

Allison Chen said...

I.Song
They teach students step by step. At first, they teach ke words in the song by showing pictures and then teach students how to sing a song with the pleasant music. It's a nice interaction between students and the teacher.Howevere, in fact, I can't learn grammatical items from the teaching way by songs. Although it is an interesting way for students to learn a song, it seems empty in grammar through text. They should teach students grammar rules in songs even though they are simple grammatical items.
II.Dialogue
The teacher teach students sentence patterns by a short conversation. The teacher repeat the same sentence pattern to ask students to memorize it easily. On the contrast, in my opinion, they don't use a certain dialouge to teach students grammatical items. In this goup, the way of teaching is like a common lecture in the class, not a dialogue. In addition, I have no idea that main purpose of the teaching through dialogue.
III.Picture
It's a attractive way for them to use concrete pictures through teaching sentence patterns. It's interesting. They make a nice interaction between students and the teacher. It appeals studnets' attentions. However, they don't understand the rule of the sentence pattern clearly so that they teach the wrong grammar. As for their sentences, they should use a regular or orderly way to teach students. It would avoid confusion for them.

Kate said...

Group 6
Advantage: Teaching grammar though cartoon interests learners a lot. As we know, there are clear color and action in the cartoon for children to observe. They teach the usage of adjective and verb through cartoon. In addition, the web with flash also let learner to know what it means immediately. Besides cartoon, learners are able to understand what’s going on through teacher’s description. By observing the cartoon, children can learn under delighted environment.
Group 8
Advantage: Their group teaching grammar through poem. The motivation of teaching poem is make student remember whole poem easily because of its rhythm. In addition, teaching them to sing the poem is also interesting. Using teaching poem, learners are familiar with its rhythm at first. Although student can read out the whole poem, they still don’t know what the meaning is. Until teacher taught meaning to learners, they can combine meaning and word through poem. In this way, students are able to memorize the pattern they learned in a short time.
Group 4
If I would like to teach corpus, I will choose the senior high student to teach. When student in the Senior high school, they are easy to mix up what grammar they learned before. Using corpus can help them to find out what kind of mistake they made, they also figure out what’s the usage of each word. In my opinion, I think that using corpus is useful for each student who studied English. In addition, using corpus also offer extra information for student to understand more.

Angel Wu said...

Group 1, they use a picture book which has many colorful pictures to teach students grammar. Colorful pictures can make students have more interests to learn and pay more attention on it, especially be useful to element school students. Besides students are easier to memory it and get much information. But sometimes students always only notice on pictures and not really learn what grammar does teacher teach them. Then students cannot learn the complete and correct grammar.
Group 3, they use many interesting songs to teach students grammar. At first the teacher sings these songs to deepen students impression and then lets students follow to sing. Every song has a graceful melody and it can make students repeat and repeat when following its’ rhythm. In addition this way can make students learn grammar through familiar songs. But most songs don’t have complete grammar and just attach importance to read smoothly. Then students wouldn’t know how to use suitable grammar in different situation and have imperfect knowledge of grammar.
Group 4, they use a poem be teaching material to teach students simple grammar. Sometimes a poem has beautiful and attractive artistic conception. It could make the students has more interests to read the whole content and want to continue to learn its’ grammar. Besides, content of poem is simple and short; it could help students learn more basic grammar easily. On the other hand, poem’s rhyme is always more regular and smooth; we can repeat poem’s regular rhyme many times and this way can make students remember more easily and understand quickly. But some poems are very difficult to understand its’ meanings. A poem’s comment would influence its’ grammar such as the tense. How to make students get information and learn grammar by a poem?

Justin said...

I think a group they through poetry teach is good for children can learn some grammar in sentences and some phrases. Because it has rhyme that will help kids to remember rules easily. On the other hand, meaning of sentences in poetry sometimes very difficult for kids understand them, meaning may beyond their comprehension and also cause their learning will be hindered. Besides, group one did good job through story teach children, they prepared the big pictures to attract children can pay attention in class. To prepare good pictures is very important to create children’s interested in it, so they did it well. But they didn’t focus on story teaching; they just taught every picture step by step and ignored plot in books.

jamielan said...

Cartoon
Pictures and the actions of the cartoon characters can attract the students, and the students can inderstand the meanings of the sentence through the cartoon.

Wed site
There are great amount of resources on the internet, so it is a good way for students to make a good use of it.

Poem
Through the rhythm of the poem, students can read the poem easily. And the repeation of the words can let the students practice the form of the verb for amny times.

News
From every story, the teacher can get a lot of resources for teaching. This group took conjunction for example. However, maybe the teacher didn't have to make the conjunction into red words. Otherwise, it will be too easy for the students, and they will lose the chance to think about the story.

Johnsonchu said...

Through cartoons to teach grammar will be an interesting way of teaching, but I can't tell the difference between the group6' cartoon and group2' picture. I think that maybe group6 can give us a real cartoon program to teach grammar.
The corpus is a very useful tool of how to use a word, then, of course, it is also useful for learning grammar. But somehow it is too complex for the low-level or even middle-level learners to use such kind of system to learn grammar.
I believe that through poems to teach grammar is the most difficult way of teaching grammar, because most of poems are not easy to understand, let alone through poems to teach grammar.
Through news to teach grammar is also not an easy way of teaching grammar. But, if the teacher can select a suitable material to teach grammar, mostly, the content of a news would include lots of different kinds of grammar. Then, students may learn grammar more completely through this way.

GwenLin said...

G2
The teacher uses a very interesting way for students to learn language in pictures, but I suppose that the size of pictures may be bigger or clear, especially in front of the classroom. If we would like to catch students' eyes, we have to pay attention to the convenience for our audience. And it will be better for teacher's presentation.

G6
The poem is a very nice method to teach because the teacher has her illusion for students, besides the content, we can also see very clear in the tebleau. However, there is something lacking for the explain of teacher for students. But I think their vivid poem will be the very interesting and impressive way for us to learn.

Tina Xu said...

Music
Advantage: The teaching way can help students speak fluently, remember and use English grammar easily. They don't have to explain the grammar,but sing songs. When you listen to the songs, the students can learn about the tone. Actually, it is effective for the teacher to practice the pronunciation.
Disadvantage: The 2nd song fits the stodent's being the level of confidence for English. If students don't know what means gonna (going to), they will get confused. In short, many short words by "'", you need to explain those words, or they misunderstand the meanings.

Dialogue

Advantage: Repeat again and again, so that students will remember English grammar easily. The Dialogue is as a practical way, when you meet new friends and ask them politely. The teacher encourages students interating with other classmates, and she also corrects their pronunciation.
Disadvantage: When they learn this dialogue, they won't explain why you talk so, but just practice in class. It looks very boring because the teacher always repeats the same thing and the same sentence.

Julianne_chen said...

I like the presentation of group 1 because it used the painting book to teach children. Actually, it is useful for a kids who are about 3~5 ages. We don't need to teach the kids the grammar just make them use the pattern and the rule. The only thing a teacher should do is repeating the sentences constantly. Then the children will use to it and speak the sentence by that way.

Maggie Lin said...

1. The topic of group one is “story”, but this group is not using the story to teach grammar. It is because the story has more words. They teach grammar through a picture book that emphasized picture. The teacher repeats the same sentence. “What do you see?” “I see a ... looking at me. ” Students those who are special for the young kids can be attracted by the pictures and they can easy learn the colors and the animals from this way.
2. The topic of group three is “music”. Students can learn the vocabulary and pattern, and they can easily listen to the rhyme, tune and speed of the song. It is an easy way to memorize the vocabulary. The teacher should pay attention to the level of the music’s context. Does this context is suitable for the student’s level?
3. The topic of group five is “dialogue”. The teacher repeats the sentences and gives the students exercise. “What’s your name?” “Where are you from?” “What do you do?” There are all sample questions, so the teacher doesn’t explain the pattern. Students can use their own experience to use dialogue.

sunny hsu said...

it is a good way to teach students by telling them stories, and yet i also think we acn use the songs too.especially for the younger learnner,and it is very effective too. i try it for many times, the kids can get the main grammar when they were listening my story or when they were singing.after that the teacher can know how much did the learnner learned from.

kellyyu said...

I like the group1 and 3. I think it is a good way to teach students when the teacher tells stories or sings songs.These method make the students to remember the short sentences quickly. And the teacher uses the colorful pictures to draw the student's attention.I think when the teacher uses these method in the classroom,and the students are easier to study it and get much information.

Tiffany Lin said...

G1: advantage: by using the picture book to teach grammar, I think it is very useful and interesting way because most of students like to see the colorful book. By this way, they can keep in mind easily and quickly. And sometimes by these pictures, they will be more images and ask the more questions; on the other hand, they also get more information.
disadvantage: maybe the students just remember the Chinese meaning or the pictures, but they don’t understand how to say by English.

G3: advantage: by using the song to teach grammar, it makes students interesting not just dull because there are the rhymes in the song. And it repeats the same words again and again; it makes them remember easily.
disadvantage: sometimes they can’t learn the correct grammar because some sentences don’t have complete meaning even omit some word in the song.

G5: advantage: through the dialogue, the students can learn how to express in their daily life. And this way is more relaxed and active; accordingly, students are easier to sink into this atmosphere.
disadvantages: some dialogue just apply to say but they can’t suit on the writing because it is impolite.

Silvia Wang said...

I think teaching grammar through songs and dialogues are good methods. It’s because these two texts are more attractive to children. Using these two texts also make students have more interests and make them feel relaxed. Because some sentences of songs are short and the words are simple, students can remember the grammar easily. Thus, I consider these two texts are good way for teaching grammar.
Teaching grammar through stories, if teacher want to use this texts to teach students grammar, I think teacher can pick up a simple story to teach. It’s because simple story make them easily to understand, and then they can easily to remember the grammar that each sentences show.

Betty Chang said...

I think no matter what type of texts teacher choose to teach grammar, it is sure to have advantage and disadvantage. A topic which is suitable for students’ level is a prerequisite of taking advantage of texts effectively. You can introduce grammar from easy to difficult.
(1) Song: In this song, How do I live without you, this sentence is an interrogative. You can try to use this pattern to teach students how to ask questions. And then, the lyrics repeat again and again, it gives students deep impression on interrogative. Of course, the lyrics have some errors which are not correspondent with grammar. Such as “I need you in my arms, need you to hold.” and “You are my world, my heart, my soul.” The two sentences lack of conjunction. They must be corrected like this “I need you in my arms and need you to hold.” And “You are my world, my heart and my soul.” The songwriter omits some words in order to let tune goes fluently.
(2) Poem: When teacher choose this poem “Lazy Jane” to teach students grammar, teacher can focus on some topics. For example, adjective modifies noun or the usage of conjunctions connect sentences. Sometimes the poet wants to give readers implications and then especial form can capture readers’ imagination. In this poem, lazy and wait repeat many times; this put emphasis on how lazy Jane is and how long she takes. But in our composition writing, this is a little not correspondent with grammar.
(3) Dialogue: It is a good way to teach grammar. There are many different expressing ways to speak of the same idea. If the speaker wants to tell someone his or her ability, teacher can teach students several ways to speak. You can say I can ___., I’m very good at ___ing. Or I’ve had a lot of experience ___ing. By practicing again and again, students will easily remember or get used to grammar. Because the content of dialogue is not as serious as composition writing, sometimes students may forget the details of grammar, such as let me see. Let me see can explain in this way I must think carefully about this. Some short phrase is not completely correspondent with grammar.

Anita Chen said...

After all the groups' presentation, I saw that teaching grammars from different ways. As for me, I think that the presentation of group 1 and group 6 would interest students most. From the colorful pictures of group 1, students would pay more attention from that. It is because that when a child was bon in the world, he/she touched the imagery in the world first. So from the pictures,they could be take the first sight on the pictures, and be more interests on that. Moreover, the cartoon of group 6's presentation is the same idea with group 1. I think that both of these two gruops teach grammars from a form of imagery. It is a realistic way to raise students' interests on learning process. Now in modern society, I could see many teachering ways emphasis on the teaching mehod of imagery. So I think that it is a good method to teach grammar.

Anne said...

I think that using colorful pictures and song to teach the children grammar is a better way. The colorful pictures, when the person sees the colorful picture, he makes a very deep impressive in his mind. Therefore, the children also have this impressive. Using the picture to ask the children, no matter the children answer the correct answers no not, they all will remember this question and answer. And it tills the main purpose to make children and remember. The other way is using the song. By using this way, it can catch children’s eyes and makes them pay attention to the course. And it is an interesting way to teach grammar because the children not only can learning the song but also can remember some correct grammar in the song.

AnitaCheng said...

I think Corpus is really good for students and teachers.
Adanced learners can get a lot of information from this site. Sometimes we can not find out the grammer errors ourselves. And sometimes we will be troubled by some grammer items and we can not check it in the grammer book. So the usage of corpus can help you get the idea, and also help the teachers a lot.

AnitaCheng said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Veronica Tsai said...

Group1:from a story
They use animals as examples, and the book is colorful, instresting, attracted, but it seems that is not a story.
They repeat the grammar rule sentences, that would impressed for the students.
Group3: from music (songs)
learn "words" with some same patterns
Music or song can help us remembering easily, but I doubt. The grammar is difficult in a song. Maybe they should explain it.
Group5 from dialogue
This group had parts of speech's problem: Spain & Spanish, so I had a little confused to understand them.
Repeats and practices find patterns(rules) and they use something they have had the daily dialougue about students' data, the students could get familar with their classmates. On the other side, they took too much time.
Group7: pictures
limited: because teacher must prepare many and enough pictures.
interesting and cute: proper to "nouns", but not to "grammar"
The teacher of this group should make sure the pronounce and the stress please.

lynyen said...

In my oponion, I think inductive approach can let students expressed deeply. Students can easy to understand teacher's teaching. They can't confused about grammar easily. Student usually consider that grammar is very difficult. Therefore, they often don't like to study grammar. If the teacher use inductive approach, it usually arise students' interests.

lynyen said...

I prefer to the three texts. That is song, dialogue, and story.
Song: I think using songs to teach students is very interesting. Students learn new songs and learn new grammar in the same time. This can make students more interest to learn grammar.
Dialogue: this group use dialogue to teach students grammar. They repeat dialogue again and again. And, students repeat the dialogue.
Story: using reading story to teach students grammar can let students have interests to go on learning grammar.

Ricky said...

i think if you want to use texts to teach grammar, you have to choose your materials carefully.
Group1, Due to their topic is using story to teach grammar so they maybe can not choose "picture book".i think if their topic is using "picture book" and they are doing a good job.
Group3,in their presentation we can not find what's their object?i think the songs they chose are too difficult to kids.Maybe next time when you want to use songs to teach grammar you need to make sure what is your object.
Group5, This group uses two kinds of questions to repeat.This kind of way can increase the impression of learners.

VIC said...

Picture:
I think picture is a good way to help students learning English. If I am a student, I will like to do the questions with some picture. However, pictures can help me understand the questions. Otherwise, I will fell more excited to learn English.
Song:
I have heard several students whose English are really good. They talk me that they like to listening English song. They can learn English from their hobby. The only problem is that teacher will be difficult to find a song in order to teach their student such as grammar aspect.
Story:
Story can attract students’ attention. I think every one like to read or listening story. After they read these English stories such as “Fairy Tales”, they will remember some sentences from them.

Trista said...

G1: Story
Group 1 used the clear pictures, and the teacher repeated
the sentence pattern again and again, so students can
remember the sentences pattern.

G7: PictureI think it’s a very good way for students to
remember the vocabulary, but they have to put “a”
before each fruit or animals.